Science

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 2019-10-14 04:00 

EurekAlert

Lehigh to present research, new programs at BMES 2019...

Faculty, graduate students, and undergraduates in Lehigh University's Department of Bioengineering are presenting 26 poster and lecture sessions at the annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES), Oct. 16-19, 2019, in Philadelphia. Ora...

 2019-10-14 04:00 

EurekAlert

For low-risk thyroid cancer patients, less may be more for post-surgery surveillance...

Patient self-advocacy is important, and although a maximizing preference may be advantageous in many situations, new research led by the University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center shows that, in the case of long-term surveillance of treated, low-risk thyr...

 2019-10-14 04:00 

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Study: Self-reported suicide attempts rising in black teens as other groups decline...

New study in the journal Pediatrics uncovered rise in self-reported suicide attempts in black teenagers, as well as an accelerating rate in black female teenagers....

 2019-10-14 04:00 

EurekAlert

Cleveland Clinic-led research team develops new genetic-based epilepsy risk scores...

An international team of researchers led by Cleveland Clinic has developed new genetic-based epilepsy risk scores which may lay the foundation for a more personalized method of epilepsy diagnosis and treatment. This analysis, published in the journal Brai...

 2019-10-14 04:00 

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Researchers map the evolutionary history of oaks...

Oaks have a complex evolutionary history that has long eluded scientists. New research, however, provides the most detailed account to date of the evolution of oaks, recovering the 56-million-year history that has made the oaks one of the most diverse, ab...

 2019-10-14 04:00 

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Researchers explore spinal discs' early response to injury and ways to improve it...

Researchers showed in animal models that the default injury response of spinal discs can be temporarily stopped to allow for better treatment....

 2019-10-14 04:00 

EurekAlert

Unique sticky particles formed by harnessing chaos...

New research from North Carolina State University shows that unique materials with distinct properties akin to those of gecko feet - the ability to stick to just about any surface -- can be created by harnessing liquid-driven chaos to produce soft polymer...

 2019-10-14 04:00 

EurekAlert

Shipment tracking for 'fat parcels' in the body...

Without fat, nothing works in the body: These substances serve as energy suppliers and important building blocks -- including for the envelopes of living cells. Numerous diseases are related to disorders in the fat metabolism, such as obesity or cancer. R...

 2019-10-14 04:00 

EurekAlert

Is bipolar disorder associated with increased risk of Parkinson's disease?...

This study, called a systematic review and meta-analysis, combined the results of seven studies with 4.3 million participants to examine a potential association between bipolar disorder with a later diagnosis of Parkinson's disease of unknown cause....

 2019-10-14 04:00 

EurekAlert

Women have substantially less influence on Twitter than men in academic medicine...

Women who are health policy or health services researchers face a significant disparity in social media influence compared to their male peers, according to a new study. Although the average number of tweets among all researchers tend to be consistent, wo...

 2019-10-14 04:00 

EurekAlert

Study shows a much cheaper catalyst can generate hydrogen in a commercial device...

SLAC and Stanford researchers have shown for the first time that a cheap catalyst can split water and generate hydrogen gas for hours on end in the harsh environment of a commercial electrolyzer -- a step toward clean, large-scale hydrogen production for ...

 2019-10-14 04:00 

EurekAlert

Study reveals how mucus tames microbes...

A study from MIT reveals glycans, branched sugar molecules found in mucus, can prevent bacteria from communicating with each other and forming infectious biofilms, effectively rendering the microbes harmless....

 2019-10-14 04:00 

EurekAlert

Unlocking the biochemical treasure chest within microbes...

An international team of scientists lead by the Joint Genome Institute has developed a genetic engineering tool that makes producing and analyzing microbial secondary metabolites -- the basis for many important agricultural, industrial, and medical produc...

 2019-10-14 04:00 

EurekAlert

Dementia spreads via connected brain networks...

In a new study, UC San Francisco scientists used maps of brain connections to predict how brain atrophy would spread in individual patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD), adding to growing evidence that the loss of brain cells associated with dementi...

 2019-10-14 04:00 

EurekAlert

Yale scientists help immune system find hidden cancer cells...

Cancer cells are masters at avoiding detection, but a new system developed by Yale scientists can make them stand out from the crowd and help the immune system spot and eliminate tumors that other forms of immunotherapies might miss, researchers report Oc...

 2019-10-14 04:00 

EurekAlert

Emerging increase in electronic cigarette use by young adults between 2017-2018...

This research letter uses updated national survey data for 2018 to estimate how common electronic cigarette use is among adults 18 and older in the United States. The analysis included about 153,000 survey participants, of whom 55% were women. The authors...

 2019-10-14 04:00 

EurekAlert

How to control friction in topological insulators...

Topological insulators are innovative materials that conduct electricity on the surface, but act as insulators on the inside. Physicists at the University of Basel and the Istanbul Technical University have begun investigating how they react to friction. ...

 2019-10-14 04:00 

EurekAlert

Scientists pinpoint cause of harmful dendrites and whiskers in lithium batteries...

Scientists have uncovered a root cause of the growth of needle-like structures -- known as dendrites and whiskers -- that plague lithium batteries, sometimes causing a short circuit, failure, or even a fire. Such defects are a major factor holding back th...

 2019-10-14 04:00 

EurekAlert

Clinical trial tests varenicline to help adolescents, young adults quit smoking...

Many adult cigarette smokers start before they turn 21 and this randomized clinical trial of volunteer participants tested how effective the smoking-cessation medication varenicline was in helping adolescents and young adults to quit. The 157 volunteers s...

 2019-10-14 04:00 

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Reading the past like an open book: Researchers use text to measure 200 years of happiness...

Using innovative new methods researchers at the University of Warwick, University of Glasgow Adam Smith Business School and The Alan Turing Institute in London have built a new index that uses data from books and newspaper to track levels of national happ...

 2019-10-14 04:00 

EurekAlert

UCI scientists reveal mechanism of electron charge exchange in molecules...

Through a new scanning transmission electron microscopy method, researchers at the University of California, Irvine are able to observe electron distribution between atoms and molecules and uncover clues to the origins of ferroelectricity, the capacity of...

 2019-10-14 04:00 

EurekAlert

Astronomers use giant galaxy cluster as X-ray magnifying lens...

Astronomers at MIT and elsewhere have used a massive cluster of galaxies as an X-ray magnifying glass to peer back in time, to nearly 9.4 billion years ago. In the process, they spotted a tiny dwarf galaxy in its very first, high-energy stages of star for...

 2019-10-14 04:00 

EurekAlert

Interstellar Comet with a Familiar Look...

A new comet discovered by amateur astronomer Gennady Borisov is an outcast from another star system, yet its properties determined so far are surprisingly familiar -- a new study led by JU researchers shows. The team's findings are being published in ...

 2019-10-14 04:00 

EurekAlert

The nano-guitar string that plays itself...

Scientists have created a nano-electronic circuit which vibrates without any external force. Just as a guitar string vibrates when plucked, the wire -- 100,000 times thinner than a guitar string -- vibrates when forced into motion by an oscillating voltag...

 2019-10-14 04:00 

EurekAlert

Lakes worldwide are experiencing more severe algal blooms...

The intensity of summer algal blooms has increased over the past three decades, according to a first-ever global survey of dozens of large, freshwater lakes, which was conducted by Carnegie's Jeff Ho and Anna Michalak and NASA's Nima Pahlevan. The...

 2019-10-14 04:00 

EurekAlert

Breastfeeding disparities among us children by race/ethnicity...

Overall rates of breastfeeding increased from 2009 to 2015 but they varied by race/ethnicity in this observational study that used national survey data for nearly 168,000 infants in the United States....

 2019-10-14 04:00 

EurekAlert

Sensory and motor brain plasticity is not limited by location...

The new function of unused cortical regions is not necessarily determined by the function of nearby cortical regions, according to new research in adults born without one hand, published in JNeurosci....

 2019-10-13 04:00 

EurekAlert

Groundbreaking video captures whale bubble-net feeding in University of Hawaii research...

University of Hawai'i at Mnoa's Marine Mammal Research Program (MMRP) researchers and key collaborators captured amazing whale's-point-of-view and aerial drone video of humpback whale bubble-net feeding. It's one component of a project inv...

 2019-10-12 04:00 

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New design strategy can help improve layered superconducting materials...

Tokyo, Japan - Scientists from Tokyo Metropolitan University have created a new layered superconducting material with a conducting layer made of bismuth, silver, tin, sulfur and selenium. The conducting layer features four distinct sublayers; by introduci...

 2019-10-12 04:00 

EurekAlert

Another reason to get cataract surgery: It can make you 48% safer on the road...

Researchers in Australia used a driving simulator to test patients' vision before and after cataract surgery. They found that near misses and crashes decreased by 48% after surgery....

 2019-10-12 04:00 

EurekAlert

More evidence linking common bladder medication to a vision-threatening eye condition...

A drug widely prescribed for a bladder condition for decades, now appears to be toxic to the retina, the light sensing tissue at the back of the eye that allows us to see....

 2019-10-11 04:00 

EurekAlert

Physicists look to navigational 'rhumb lines' to study polymer's unique spindle structure...

A new study describes how spheres can be transformed into twisted spindles thanks to insights from 16th century navigational tools. Researchers show how polymers can contract into spiral structures, known as loxodromes, that have complex patterning ten ti...

 2019-10-11 04:00 

EurekAlert

CF patients experience improved lung health with lumacaftor-ivacaftor but with caveats...

In adolescent and adult patients with cystic fibrosis taking lumacaftor-ivacaftor (ORKAMBI), the combination drug appears to improve lung function and body weight and reduce the need for intravenous antibiotic treatment, according to a French study publis...

 2019-10-11 04:00 

EurekAlert

New genetic link found for some forms of SIDS...

Some forms of sudden infant death syndrome stem from a genetic mutation that keeps infants from processing lipids in milk, a new study has discovered. The build-up of unprocessed fatty material disrupts heart functions. While no treatments are yet availab...

 2019-10-11 04:00 

EurekAlert

Radiation detector with the lowest noise in the world boosts quantum work...

The nanoscale radiation detector is a hundred times faster than its predecessors, and can function without interruption....

 2019-10-11 04:00 

EurekAlert

Deciphering the early stages of Parkinson's disease is a matter of time...

Researchers at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and the University of Virginia School of Medicine, USA, identified for the first time the initial steps of alpha-synuclein protein aggregates related to early onsets of hereditary Parkinson ...

 2019-10-11 04:00 

EurekAlert

Jumping genes can cause rare developmental disorders in children...

The largest study of its kind into childhood developmental disorders has discovered that jumping genes cause genetic changes in some patients with undiagnosed neurodevelopmental diseases. The research from the Wellcome Sanger Institute and its collaborato...

 2019-10-11 04:00 

EurekAlert

A reliable clock for your microbiome...

The microbiome is a treasure trove of information about human health and disease, but getting it to reveal its secrets is challenging. A new genetic 'repressilator' circuit developed at the Wyss Institute and HMS acts like a clock that tracks how ...

 2019-10-11 04:00 

EurekAlert

In-office gene therapy for wet age-related macular degeneration is coming...

Gene therapy is showing promise for one of the most common causes of blindness....

 2019-10-11 04:00 

EurekAlert

New material captures carbon dioxide...

The captured CO2 can be converted into useful organic materials....

 2019-10-11 04:00 

EurekAlert

Around half a million men who have sex with men in the EU need PrEP but cannot access it...

This estimate on the 'PrEP gap' in Europe was published in a paper in Eurosurveillance today stating that 500 000 men who have sex with men in the European Union currently cannot access HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), despite being very likel...

 2019-10-11 04:00 

EurekAlert

Physics: DNA-PAINT super-resolution microscopy at speed...

Optimized DNA sequences allow for 10-times faster image acquisition in DNA-PAINT....

 2019-10-11 04:00 

EurekAlert

Imaging tumor stiffness could help enhance treatment for breast and pancreatic cancer...

Using a noninvasive imaging technique that measures the stiffness of tissues gives crucial new information about cancer architecture and could aid the delivery of treatment to the most challenging tumors, new research shows....

 2019-10-11 04:00 

EurekAlert

Bacteria contradict Darwin: Survival of the friendliest...

New microbial research at the University of Copenhagen suggests that 'survival of the friendliest' outweighs 'survival of the fittest' for groups of bacteria. Bacteria make space for one another and sacrifice properties if it benefits the ...

 2019-10-11 04:00 

EurekAlert

Study questions 'cross-transfer' benefits of special exercise technique...

A paper recently published by researchers from the Ohio Musculoskeletal and Neurological Institute (OMNI) at the Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine questions the effectiveness of a patented exercise system for relieving lower back pain....

 2019-10-11 04:00 

EurekAlert

Cuts in alcohol duty linked to 2000 more alcohol-related deaths in England...

Government cuts to alcohol taxes have had dramatic consequences for public health, including nearly 2000 more alcohol-related deaths in England since 2012, according to new research from the University of Sheffield's School of Health and Related Resea...

 2019-10-11 04:00 

EurekAlert

Illumination of abnormal neuronal activities caused by myelin impairment...

The neural circuit basis for motor learning tasks when myelination is impaired has been illuminated for the first time by an international collaboration of university research teams. They also succeeded in compensating for the impaired motor learning proc...

 2019-10-11 04:00 

EurekAlert

Physics: An ultrafast glimpse of the photochemistry of the atmosphere...

Researchers at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have explored the initial consequences of the interaction of light with molecules on the surface of nanoscopic aerosols....

 2019-10-11 04:00 

EurekAlert

Rare sleep disorder common among veterans with PTSD...

Military veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder or concussion suffer from a thrashing form of sleep behavior at a rate that is far higher than the general population, according to a new study by researchers at the VA Portland Health Care System and ...

 2019-10-11 04:00 

EurekAlert

Chronobiology: Sleep and synaptic rhythms...

Chronobiologists at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich, Germany, show in two articles in the journal Science how critical the sleep-wake cycle is for protein and phosphorylation dynamics in synapses to ultimately regulate its activity....

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